Coffee is one of the most consumed foods in the world, but still we are sure you do not know the history of coffee, then we will explain everything about the history of this ancestral food.
The basis of coffee
The first thing you should know is their has a puffy foundation since they are not clarified, giving a more exciting aspect to the story that allows us to follow certain clues. Historians trace the first discoveries from the coffee plant back in the 15th century in Ethiopia, a fact that is difficult to confirm since the writing had not yet arrived.
The origin of the name
Many times we forget this kind of information but the history of coffee is very strange, we can trace the ethnological origin of the word ” coffee ” to the Arabic phrase ”qahwat al-bun”, or the same thing, a coffee plant, meaning exciting, lively and energetic. Choosing its name provides us with the information we need to know in advance about the properties of this food.
The first uses of coffee
In the history of coffee, the first way we see of this drink came from the African regions of Ethiopia, where the tribes who lived in them they drank like wild berries, by eating the whole or crushed fruit. Later, coffee began to be consumed in more different ways, beginning with the use of the leaves of the coffee tree to prepare infusions, a type of coffee tea.
Around the seventeenth century there was the first approach to the current method of consumption. Back then toast began and grinding the grain, the only drawback was that they did not have the current technology, therefore, it was necessary to have a good knowledge of the technique to roast the grain properly. In addition, the best grinding result was not obtained.
In short, it was not until the nineteenth century that the first coffee machines in the history of coffee arrived during the industrial revolution, that the quality of coffee took an exponential leap in the world.
Global expansion of coffee
As you can see in most cultures coffee has been eaten for centuries. In the following lines we will show you the part of the history of the cafe where it was spread to different parts of the planet.
The first evidence of the expansion of coffee beyond Ethiopia takes us to Yemen, where, thanks to the commercialization records between Ethiopia and Sufist monasteries of Yemen between the XV and XVI centuries, it is said that it was the bridge between the regions of origin and the rest of the Islamic world.
After the arrival of the cafe, the the first coffee shops, the cradle of liberalism, where intellectuals, both philosophers and lawyers, met. Similarly, the first conflicts arose in which coffee involved orthodox and conservatives.
Europe and Asia
The next step in the history of coffee was that it came to Europe at the beginning of the 17th century. Six the first program coffee is under a textbook dated to 1583 by the hand of the German botanist Léonard Rauwolf. In this book, the German recites one of his explorations of Africa and his discoveries regarding this illustrious seed.
Thanks to him and other European explorers, he began to express himself and stimulate interest, emerging the first trade routes between North Africa and the Republic of Venice, where the first European coffee establishment opened in 1720, the famous “Alla Venezia Triounfanta” in St. Mark’s Square, which is still open to the public today under the name Caffè Florian.
As soon as coffee spread across Europe, Dutch began to grow coffee in their colonies from India and Java (present-day Indonesia) during the seventeenth and seventeenth centuries, so it was the main source of coffee supply for the Old Continent.
The history of coffee in America is very strange. At first, coffee was not a great reception among Americans who saw it as a pitiful and beggar drink. Between 1775 and 1783, however, the demand for coffee increased significantly as a result of the War of Independence.
Position as the War of 1812 had a major impact on the position of coffee in society, which abolished access to tea imports, and the increased demand for this product during the War of Independence, as well as many technological advances with do. the beverage, which secured coffee consumption in the United States as a daily food.
About Colombia, the first medium – term plantations were registered in 1808 in Cúcuta. Due to its rapid dominance, coffee established itself as a fundamental tool for the regional economy in 1890. It later expanded to the city of Pereira, from where the bar began to expand to the districts of Quindío and Valle del Cauca until its arrival. the third largest coffee producer and soft coffee producer in the world.
Curiosity about the history of coffee
In all good news there are myths, legends and prejudices, and the history of the cafe did not diminish. Over the years certain beliefs have been created about this food, we will tell you about them below.
Legends about coffee
There are two very prevalent legends about the discovery of coffee. The first of these tells the secretary and Sufi, Gothul Akbar Nooruddin, who saw some of them while traveling through Ethiopia birds that were alive out of the ordinary after try some red fruit, and when they were tested the same thing happened to him.
The second is the legend of the shepherd Kaldi, who noticed, as in the previous legend, that his goats showed more vitality and energy after eating red berries from the bushes. When he tried them and saw how rapturous momentum took hold of him, he decided to give an example to the monks of a nearby monastery. The monks were eating the berries horror at its taste, that much they threw the red berries into the fireIt was then that everyone was delighted with him aroma of popcorn and happened to prepare an infusion with them.
We don’t know if these stories are true but there will definitely be some truth in them, as they seem logical enough if you analyze them carefully.
Prejudices and prohibitions
Surely someone has ever told you that coffee is bad for your health or something like that. Although there is also a lot of talk about its benefits. This drink generated a great controversy, so much so that some people have considered them a drug since they were discovered (like tea). In the history of coffee, many people considered the possibility that too much coffee could cause death.
This was the reason for the weirdness King Gustav II Sweden to test whether these statements were true at a experiment. He called two brothers Gemini who was sentenced to life imprisonment, and exempted them from their sentence on the condition that one should drink three cups of coffee a day, and the other a few should drink tea. With this King Gustav II sought to demonstrate the harmful effects of coffee for health. It was never very ethical to try people and if the substance was harmful, a brother would have died. Luckily we are talking about coffee, so the result was that the two brothers had a long life where they could see how the king died before them.
Today coffee has become a basic product, one of the world’s most in-demand and consumed beverages, so much so that its economic impact is measured on a global scale, providing employment for millions of people worldwide.
In addition to the economic situation, it is of great social importance, creating “coffee cultureSo, with globalization, so today good coffee can be found in any major city in the world, from London to Sydney or Tokyo. While the Nordic countries are the largest consumers of coffee today, followed by the United States, Italy and Spain. For their part, Brazil, Vietnam and Colombia are the main global coffee producers.
We hope you enjoyed this article and have learned many new things about the history of coffee and the origins of this exquisite beverage we eat every day.